160M Chinese took out $173.9B of online loans in 2016 vs. $36B of online loans in the US. China is an ideal laboratory with no reliable credit-history systems minimal data-privacy expectations and high mobile penetration and usage. The online lender Yongqianbao, for example, crunches 1,200 no traditional data points to generate more than 100,000 risk scenarios on each loan applicant in a few seconds.